Monday, 25 February 2013

Dalail al Khairat and Istighatha

Dalail al Khairat and Istighatha

Dalail al Khairat is a composition of different blessings on prophet [sal allahu alayhi wa sallam].
It was composed by Imam Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli al Hasani (Rh) (d. 869 AH /1465). He was a descendant of Prophet Muhammad, ( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam) via his grandson Hasan, son of Ali.( radi allaha tala anhum)
He memorized works of usul al-fiqh and Maliki law, such as Ibn al-Hajib’s Mukhtasr al-Far’i and Sahnun’s Al-Mudawwana al-Kubra. He also met the famous jurist and wali of Allah, SheikhAhmad Zarruq (Rh). After settling a tribal feud he left the area and spent the next forty years in Makkah, Medina and Jerusalem. After his long journey, he returned to Fez where he completed the prayer book Dalail al-Khairat.

One day Imam Jazuli went to perform his ablutions for the prescribed prayer from a nearby well but could not find any means to draw the water up. While thus perplexed, he was seen by a young girl who called out from high above, “You’re the one people praise so much, and you can’t even figure out how to get water out of a well?” So she came down and spat into the water, which welled up until it overflowed and spilled across the ground.  Imam Jazuli made his ablutions, and then turned to her and said, “I adjure you to tell me how you reached this rank.” She said, “By saying the Blessings upon him whom beasts lovingly followed as he walked through the wilds (Allah bless him and give him peace).”  Imam Jazuli thereupon vowed to compose the book of Blessings on the Prophet (Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam) which came to be known as his Dala’il al-Khayrat or “Waymarks of Benefits”.

This incidence has been mentioned by Imam Ahmed Al Sawi Al Maliki(Rh). (d 1241 AH/ 1825 CE )
Name of the bookSharah Sayyedi Ahmed Al Sawi ala Salawaat wa awraad al qutub sayyedi Ahmed al Dardir wa sharah asma al Husna.
This incidence has also been mentioned by Imam Yusuf al Nabhani  (Rh)( d 1350 AH/ 1932 ) in his book Jâmi` Karamaat al-Awliya , page 276-277.

The first chapter of  Dalail al Khairat contains about one hundred and two names of Prophet Moahmmed ( sal allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa ashabihi wa sallam).
Some of these names are

Ghawth (Succour), Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam
Ghiyath (Aid) Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam
Munji (Rescuer) Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam
Nasir (Helper). Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam
Shahid (the Witness) Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam
Shaheed (Witnesser) Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam
Muhaymin (the Guardian) Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam
Miftah ul-Jannah (the Key to the Garden ) Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam
Khashif ul-Kurb (the Remover of Worries) Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam
Rafi'ur-Rutab (the Raiser of Ranks) Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam
Haris Alaykum (Watchful over You) Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam
Afw ( Pardoning,the Overlooker of Sins) Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam
Musahih ul-Hasanat (the Verifier of Good Deeds) Sal allahu alayhi wa sallam


Imam Jazuli ( rh) has also written a dua ( supplication)  in the chapter of Dalail Al Khairat. This dua is read at the completion of Dalail al Khairat.

The dua contains these words:


يا رحمة الله إني خائـف وجـل يا نعمـة الله إني مفلـس عـاني
وليس لي عمــل ألقى العليم به سوى محبتك العظمـى وإيمـاني
فكـن أماني من شر الحياة ومـن شر الممات ومن إحـراق جثماني
وكـن غناي الذي ما بعده فلس وكن فكاكي من أغلال عصياني
تحية الصمـد المـولى ورحمتـه ما غنت الورق في أوراق أغصاني
عليك يا عروتي الوثقى ويا سندي الأوفى ومن مدحه روحي وريحاني

Translation

O Mercy of Allah. I am afraid filled with fear
O Grace of Allah. I am ruined, so help me.
And I have no good acts with which to meet The All Knowing.
But great love for you and my faith.
Be my protection from the evil of life and from
The evil of death and from the burning of my mortal frame.
And fulfill my every need saving me from ruin.
And be my release from the fetters of disobedience.

It is clearly seen that Imam Jazuli (Rh) and all the muslims who recite Dalail al Khairat have no objection is using words like: OGrace of Allah. I am ruined, so help me.
It should also noted that this was not a poetry, but a dua (supplication) which Imam Jazuli (rh) wrote and it has been recited by sunni muslims since ages and no one called it ‘shirk”.
It should be clear that no Islamic law allows shirk in poetry and disallows shirk only in text!
If someone calls help from an idol whether in text or in poetry, it is always considered shirk.

The founder of the wahabism in India, Ismaeel Dehalvi writes:

To repeat the names, is one of those acts which Allah sahib has ordered only for for His respect. It it is done for someone else, then it is shirk”
[ Taqwiyatul Iman, page 44, Maktaba Mercantile, Delhi]

(“naam japna, unhee kamon mein say hai ki Allah sahib nay khaas apani taazeem kay liye tahraein hain aur kisi say yeh mamla karna shirk hai”)

He also writes in the same book:
The one whose name is Mohammed or Ali DOES NOT HAVE ANY AUTHORITY OVER ANYTHING

http://www.falaah.co.uk/refutation/wahabi/84-who-has-the-authority-.html
 

Please calling muslims as  mushriks and bidatis is a hall mark of Wahabi sect.

Ashraf Ali thanvi  al deobandi  wrote went one step ahead and wrote something which shows his knowledge in aqida issues.

He wrote that tying of  sehra ( flower in front face at the time of marriage) is shirk.

“To call someone from a distance and to think that he has received the message, to ask for fulfillment of desires from someone, to bow down before someone or to stand like a picture before someone, to put floral sehra over the head of a bridegroom, to keep the names of Ali Bakhsh, Husain Bakhsh, Abdul Nabi, etc., to say that if Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) wills, this work will be done.”
 
[ Ashraf ali Thanvi Behishti Zevar, Part 1, pp/3 7, Under the description of the things of Polytheism and Infidelity.

In order to confuse arabic speaking sunni scholars, wahabis wrote al muhannad alal mufannad.

While answering question number seven in this book,  Khaleel Ambethvi writes:

“In our view it is very rewarding and mustahab to send durood (blessings) upon prophet, whether it is dalail al khairat or other comliled books of durood….”

A little further he writes:

“ My teacher Hazrat [ Rashid Ahmed] Gangohi and other scholars( mashaykh) used to read dalail al khairat. And Mawlana Hazrath Haji Imdadullah  Shah Muhajir Makki has written and said that disciples should regularly recite Dalail al Khairat. And Mawlana [ Rashid] Gangohi used to give permission to his students to recite Dalail Al Khairat”



It is seen that wahabi scholars like Rashid Gangohi did not have any problem in supplicating:

O Mercy of Allah. I am afraid filled with fear
O Grace of Allah. I am ruined, so help me.
And I have no good acts with which to meet The All Knowing.
But great love for you and my faith.
Be my protection from the evil of life and from
The evil of death and from the burning of my mortal frame.
And fulfill my every need saving me from ruin.
And be my release from the fetters of disobedience.
---
If Istighatha is  shirk, let these wahabis pass the fatwa of shirk upon Gangohi and company!.

For we sunni muslims will continue to recite dalail al khairat as long as we are alive!

Let us read  a paragraph( part) from dalail al Khairat and feel the love of prophet ( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam)

“ Ya Allah
And bless him in every year, in every month, in every week, in every day, in every night in every hour, in every sniff, in every breath, in every blink and in every glance, for ever and ever, for the duration of this world and the duration of the next world, and for longer then this, with a beginning that never ends and an end witch never finishes! Ya Allah, bless our master Muhammad (Sollallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam) as much as Your love for him! Ya Allah, bless our master Muhammad (Sollallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam) as befits his legitimate rank! Ya Allah, bless our master Muhammad (Sollallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam), with blessings, which serve as a sanctuary for us from all terrors, and oppression, which settle all our affairs.


Abdullah Sabri Chsiti
1 Rajab 1431
14th June 2010

http://www.falaah.co.uk/basic-knowledge/aqida/181-dalail-al-khairat-and-istighatha

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