Monday, 25 February 2013

HADITH NUMBER 8: WHOEVER GOES OUT OF HIS HOME TO PRAY

HADITH NUMBER 8: WHOEVER GOES OUT OF HIS HOME TO PRAY 

‏حدثنا ‏ ‏محمد بن سعيد بن يزيد بن إبراهيم التستري ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏الفضل بن الموفق أبو الجهم ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏فضيل بن مرزوق ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏عطية ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أبي سعيد الخدري ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏قال رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏من خرج من بيته إلى الصلاة فقال اللهم إني أسألك بحق السائلين عليك وأسألك بحق ممشاي هذا فإني لم أخرج ‏ ‏أشرا ‏ ‏ولا ‏ ‏بطرا ‏ ‏ولا ‏ ‏رياء ‏ ‏ولا سمعة وخرجت اتقاء سخطك وابتغاء مرضاتك فأسألك أن تعيذني من النار وأن تغفر لي ذنوبي إنه لا يغفر الذنوب إلا أنت أقبل الله عليه بوجهه واستغفر له سبعون ألف ملك


On the authority of Abu Sa`id al-Khudri, may Allah be pleased with him, who relates that the Messenger of Allah said:
 
"The one who leaves his house for prayer and then says: 

O Allah, I ask you by the right of those who ask you and I beseech you by the right of those who walk this path unto you that my going forth bespeak not of levity, 
pride nor vainglory nor done for the sake of repute. I have gone forth in the warding off your anger and for the seeking of your pleasure. I ask you, therefore, to grant me refuge from Hellfire and to forgive me my sins, for no one forgives sins but yourself. 
Allah will accept for his sake and seventy thousand angels will seek his forgiveness."
References:
A hasan hadïth of the Prophet according to Shaykh Mahmod Mamdoh who showed in his monograph Mubàhathat al-Sà’irïn bi Hadïth Allàhumma Innï As’aluka bi-Haqqi al-Sà’ilïn
► narrated from Abu Sa‘ïd al-Khudrï by Ahmad in his Musnad with a fair chain ► according to Hamza al-Zayn (10:68 #11099)
► al-Arna’ut(17:247-248 #11156)
► Abu Hàtim in al-‘Ilal (2:184), more likely a mawquf saying of Abu Sa‘ïd himself;
►Ibn al-Sunni in ‘Amal al-Yawm wa al-Layla (p. 40 #83-84)
►al-Bayhaqï in al-Da‘awàt al-Kabïr (p. 47= 1:47 #65)
►Ibn Khuzayma in al-Tawhïd (p. 17-18) [and his Sahïh (2:458?) as indicated by al-Busïrï in his Zawà’id (1:98-99)]
► al-Tabarànï in al-Du‘a (p. 149=2:990)
► Ibn Ja‘d in his Musnad (p. 299)
►al-Baghawï in al-Ja‘diyyat (#2118-2119) and – mawquf – by Ibn Abï Shayba (6:25=10:211-212)
► Ibn Abï Hàtim in ‘Ilal al-Hadïth (2:184)
►Al-‘Iràqï in Takhrïj Ahàdïth al- Ihyà’ (1:291) graded it hasan as a marfu‘ Prophetic hadïth,
► as did the hadïth Masters al-Dimyàtï in al-Muttajir al-Ràbihfï Thawàb al-‘Amal al-Sàlih (p. 471-472) graded it hasan as a marfu‘ Prophetic hadïth,
► Ibn Hajar in Amàlï al-Adhkàr (1:272) graded it hasan as a marfu‘ Prophetic hadïth,
► al-Mundhirï’s shaykh the hadïth Master Abu al-Hasan al-Maqdisï in al-Targhïb (1994 ed. 2:367 #2422=1997 ed. 2:304-305) and as indicated by Ibn Qudàma in al-Mughnï (1985 Dàr al-Fikr ed. 1:271) graded it hasan as a marfu‘ Prophetic hadïth,
Quote:
The pseudo Salafis [wahabis ]have tried to deem this narration weak due to the presence of the narrator Atiyyah al-Awfi.
Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani RH said about Atiyyah in al-Taqreeb [no. 4616] -Saduq Yukhti kathiran wa kana Shi'ian mudallisan Meaning: "Truthful, made many mistakes and he was a Shi'ite Mudallis".Despite that, Ibn Hajar still graded the Abu Sa'id [ra] narration to be Hasan in his public dictation of this Hadith in his Amali, as did his teacher: al-Iraqi in the Takhrij of Ihya lil-Ghazali!
Shaykh Mahmud Mamduh has discussed the allegations in his Raf al-Minara.

In summary:


Atiyyah al-`Awfi is criticised for three matters:
 
- Tadlees (leaving the name of an intermediatery narrator when narrating ahadith
- inclination towards Shi'ism
- narration of things whose authenticity was contested



[SIZE=2]
 The Accusation of Tadlees:
Quote:
The accusation is that `Atiyyah heard ahadeeth from Abu Sa'eed al-Khudri Radi Allahu `anhu for some time, then he used to go to the Sabai liar al-Kalbi and heard his narrations and (in order to strengthen al-Kalbi's narrations) he nicknamed him Abu Sa'eed, so when `Atiyyah said, "Narrated to me Abu Sa'eed" people thought he was narrating the ahadith of Hadhrat Abu Sa'eed al-khudri Radhi Allahu `anhu whereas in reality he was transmitting reports from the liar al-kalbi.
This accusation depends on a narration of Imam Sufyan ath-Thawri who heard from al-Kalbi (Sabai, forger of ahadeeth) that he said, "Atiyyah has given me the kuniyah 'Abu Sa'eed". And the narration of Abu khalid al-Ahmar who heard al-Kalbi say, "`Atiyyah said I have given you the kuniyah Abu Sa'eed, and he said So i say narrated to me Abu Sa'eed..."
Shaykh Mamduh says that since al-Kalbi is a known liar his accusation cannot be accepted and Imam Ahmad relied on Sufyan ath-Thawri for pronouncing `Atiyyah a mudallis and since Imam Sufyan relied on al-Kalbi's statement, which is inacceptable, the end result is the attribution of this fault to `Atiyyah cannot be accepted.

Inclination towards Shi'ism
 

al-Juzjani in Ahwal ur Rijal has called him mail (inclined).
Shaykh Mamduh says that al-Juzjani is a Nasibi and his statement proves that `Atiyyah was not a Shi'a because if there were even a hint of shi'ism in him al-juzjani would have labelled him a shi'a, since he has only referred to him as inclined towards shi'ism, out of his hatred for Kufi people, this shows that there is no such thing in `Atiyyah.

And what al-`Uqayli has quoted from Salim al-Muradi (?) in Kitab al-Dhu`afa' and what adh-Dhahabi has quoted from him in al-Meezan regarding `Atiyyah being inclined towards shi'ism is not of benefit in this reard
 because Salim al-Muradi (?) is not one of the Huffaz or of those opinions are referred to in matters of jarh. And he is himself Shi'i like `Atiyyah al-`Awfi and `Atiyyah is one of his mashaikh so he is far removed from being able to condemn `Atiyyah.
Are are no less then 100 shia narrators in Siha e sitta including Sahih bukhari and Sahih muslim , The simple rule was to see their record and if they were not extreme RafadisImam Bukhari and muslim in their Sahih took Shia narrators as well 
,
note here that Haani bin Haani hadith are in Siha e sitta sahih hadith and declaired Sahih including by Albani , Now see this
,

List of some Shia Narrators in Sahih bukhari and Sahih muslim Alone 
,
Shia narrator # 1: Abbad b Yaqub al Rawajini (D 250 AH)
,
His hadiths are found in

*Sahih Bukhari [kitab al-'iman]
*Sahih Muslim [kitab al-'iman]
*Sahih al-Tirmidhi [kitab al-salat]
*Sunan al-Nasa'i [kitab al-sahw]
*Sunan Abu Dawud [kitab al-taharah]
,
Shia narrator # 2: Abd al Malik Ayan al Kufi
,
books having his narrations 
,

*Sahih al-Bukhari [kitab al-tawhid]
*Sahih Muslim [kitab al-'iman]
*Sahih al-Tirmidhi [kitab tafsir al-Qur'an]
*Sunan al-Nasa'i [kitab al-'iman wa al-nudhur]
*Sunan Abu Dawud [kitab al-buyu']
*Sunan Ibn Majah [kitab al-zakah]


Shia narrator # 3:Abd al-Razzaq al-San ani (d 211 )
,

books having his narrations
,

*Sahih Bukhari [kitab al-'iman]
*Sahih Muslim [kitab al-'iman]
*Sahih al-Tirmidhi [kitab al-taharah]
*Sunan Nasa'i [kitab al-taharah]
*Sunan Abi Dawud [kitab al-taharah]
*Sunan Ibn Majah [kitab al-muqaddamah fi al-'iman]
,


Shia narrator # 4 : Awf b. Abi Jamilah al-'A'rabi (d 146 AH)
,
books having his narrations
,

*Sahih Bukhari [kitab al-'iman]
*Sahih Muslim [kitab al-masajid wa mawadi' al-salat]
*Sahih al-Tirmidhi [kitab al-salat]
*Sunan Nasa'i [kitab al-taharah]
*Sunan Abi Dawud [kitab al-salat]
*Sunan Ibn Majah [kitab al-salat]
,
,
There are 100 + shia narrators in Siha e sita ,30 in Sahih bukhari alone , Are these all 100s of hadiths Daeef which are Sahih or cannot be trusted in Sahih bukhari, muslim , and other sunni books ? Many Rafadi narrators are present in Sahih bukhari itself and in this case the Narrator is not evenn Rafadi and hence accepted.



Narrating things that were denied

He narrated from Abu Sa'eed al-Khudri Radhi Allahu `Anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu `alyhi wa Sallam said

"The people of `iliyyeen will be seen by those below them like you see the brilliant star on the horizon, and verily Abu bakr and `Umar will be in them and being rewarded."

The main part of this hadeeth is in the two Sahihs from Abu Sa'eed al-khudri Radhi Allahu `anhu

"The people of Jannah will see the people in special abodes above them as you see a glittering star remaining in the eastern horizon and the western horizon.due to differences in their stations. They said, "Oh Messenger of Allah these are the stations of the Prophets and those other than them will not be able to reach them? He said, "Why not! men who believe in Allah and affirm the Messengers"

What was contested by Ibn `Adi was the addition, "and verily Abu bakr and `Umar will be in them and being rewarded.". But this part is also proven and `Atiyyah al-`awfi is not the only person to have narrated this, Imam Ahmad has narrated this in his Musnad vol 3 page 26 and in his Fadhail u Sahabah vol 1 page 69 and Abu Y`ala in his Musnad vol 2 page 416, from Mujalid from Abu Alawdak (?) from Abu Sa'eed al-khudri Radhi Allahu `anhu.

Regarding accusation of Tadless against him

It can be dismissed as a narration from the Amali of ibn Bushran - where Atiyya used the phrase: Haddathani - which is a very clear way of transmitting the narration and discredits any claim of Tadlees now for this route in the Amali and hence applicable to all the other simlar versions, bi-idhnillah.

Here is the text from the Amali:

أَمَالِي ابْنِ بِشْرَانَ مَجْلِسُ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ الْعِشْرِينَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَبِيعٍ الْأَوَّلِ سَنَةَ أَرْبَعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ مَا مِنْ رَجُلٍ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ بَيْتِهِ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ ، فَقَالَ753 وأخبرنا دعلج ثنا جعفر بن أحمد الساقاني ، ثنا محمد بن يحيى بن ضريس ، ثنا ابن فضيل ، ثنا أبي ، عن عطية ، حدثني أبو سعيد الخدري ، قال : قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : " ما من رجل يخرج من بيته إلى الصلاة ، فقال : اللهم إني أسألك بحق السائلين عليك ، وبحق ممشاي هذا ، لم أخرج أشرا ، ولا بطرا ، ولا رياء ، ولا سمعة ، خرجت اتقاء سخطك ، وابتغاء مرضاتك ، أسألك أن تعيذني من النار ، وتغفر لي ذنوبي ، إنه لا يغفر الذنوب إلا أنت ، إلا وكل به سبعون ألف ملك يستغفرون له ، وأقبل الله عز وجل عليه بوجهه حتى يقضي صلاته

Imam ibn Hajar al-Asqalani declared the above narration from Hadrat Abu Sa'eed al-Khudri (ra), via the route of his student: Atiyya al-Awfi to be HASAN in his Nata'ij al-Afkar (1/272)


http://sunniforum.net/showthread.php?t=1149 

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