Monday, 27 July 2015

Proofs of Reciting, poetry, Naats (Nasheeds) in praise of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) from Sahih hadiths

Proofs of Reciting, poetry, Naats (Nasheeds) in praise of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) from Sahih hadiths

Whether you like it or not, whether you accept it or not, whether you do it or not …
Darood Shareef is always being poured upon the Holy Prophet (s.a.w). Honoured you are and will always be if you are among those who spend their time in sending Blessings upon the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).
Below is a list of Hadith with reference of the permissibility of reciting Naat Shareef alone, in Jama’ah, in mosque, on mimbar, and proof from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w)
himself.
Now it is up to you … either you recite naat shareef or not.
But if you have chosen not to recite … then at least DON’T CRITISIZE …

Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 5 Hadith 509


Hazrat Salama bin Al Akwa (r.a): We went out to Khaibar in the company of the Prophet.
While we were proceeding at night, a man from the group said to 'Amir, "O 'Amir! Won't you let us hear your poetry?" 'Amir was a poet, so he got down and started reciting for the people poetry that kept pace with the camels' footsteps, saying: "O Allah! Without You we Would not have been guided On the right path Neither would be have given In charity, nor would We have prayed. So please forgive us, what we have committed (i.e.
our defects); let all of us Be sacrificed for Your Cause And send Sakina (i.e. calmness)
Upon us to make our feet firm When we meet our enemy, and If they will call us towards
An unjust thing, We will refuse. The infidels have made a hue and Cry to ask others' help
Against us." The Prophet on that, asked, "Who is that (camel) driver (reciting poetry)?" The people said, "He is 'Amir bin Al-Akwa'."
Then the Prophet said, "May Allah bestow His Mercy on him." A man amongst the
people said, "O Allah's Prophet! has (martyrdom) been granted to him. Would that you let us enjoy his company longer." Then we reached and besieged Khaibar till we were afflicted with severe hunger. Then Allah helped the Muslims conquer it (i.e. Khaibar). In the evening of the day of the Conquest of the city, the Muslims made huge fires. The Prophet said, "What are these fires? For cooking what, are you making the fire?" The people replied, "(For cooking) meat." He asked, "What kind of meat?" They (i.e. people) said, "The meat of donkeys." The Prophet said, "Throw away the meat and break the pots!" Some man said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall we throw away the meat and wash the pots instead?" He said, "(Yes, you can do) that too." So when the army files were
arranged in rows (for the clash), 'Amir's sword was short and he aimed at the leg of a Jew to strike it, but the sharp blade of the sword returned to him and injured his own knee, and that Caused him to die. When they returned from the battle, Allah's Apostle saw me (in a sad mood). He took my hand and said, "What is bothering you?" I replied, "Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you! The people say that the deeds of 'Amir are lost." The Prophet said, "Whoever says so, is mistaken, for 'Amir has got a double reward." The Prophet raised two fingers and added, "He (i.e. Amir) was a persevering struggler in the Cause of Allah and there are few 'Arabs who achieved the like of (good deeds) 'Amir had
done."


Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 8 Hadith 169


Hazrat Salama bin Al Aqwa (r.a): We went out with Allah's Apostle to Khaibar and we travelled during the night. A man amongst the people said to 'Amir bin Al-Aqwa', "Won't you let us hear your poetry?" 'Amir was a poet, and so he got down and started (chanting Huda) reciting for the people, poetry that keep pace with the camel's foot steps, saying,
"O Allah! Without You we would not have been guided on the right path, neither would we have given in charity, nor would we have prayed. So please forgive us what we have committed. Let all of us be sacrificed for Your cause and when we meet our enemy, make our feet firm and bestow peace and calmness on us and if they (our enemy) will call us towards an unjust thing we will refuse.
The infidels have made a hue and cry to ask others help against us. Allah's Apostle said, "Who is that driver (of the camels)?" They said, "He is 'Amir bin Al-Aqwa." He said, "May Allah bestow His mercy on him." A man among the people said, "Has Martyrdom been granted to him, O Allah's Prophet! Would that you let us enjoy his company longer." We reached (the people of) Khaibar and besieged them till we were stricken with severe hunger but Allah helped the Muslims conquer Khaibar. In the evening of its conquest the people made many fires. Allah's Apostle asked, "What are those fires? For what are you making fires?" They said, "For cooking meat." He asked, "What kind of meat?" They said, "Donkeys' meat." Allah's Apostle said, "Throw away the meat and break the cooking pots." A man said, O Allah's Apostle! Shall we throw away the meat and wash the cooking pots?" He said, "You can do that too." When the army files aligned in rows (for the battle), 'Amir's sword was a short one, and while attacking a Jew with it in order to hit him, the sharp edge of the sword turned back and hit 'Amir's knee and caused him to die. When the Muslims returned (from the battle), Salama said, "Allah's Apostle saw me pale and said, 'What is wrong with you?' I said, 'Let my parents be sacrificed for you! The people claim that all the deeds of Amir have been annulled.' The Prophet asked, 'Who said so?' I replied, 'So-and-so and so-and-so,' and Usaid bin Al-Hudair Al-Ansari said, 'Whoever says so is telling a lie. Verily, 'Amir will have double reward.' " (While
speaking) the Prophet put two of his fingers together to indicate that, and added, "He was really a hard-working man and a Mujahid (devout fighter in Allah's Cause) and rarely have there lived in it (i.e., Medina or the battle-field) an Arab like him."


Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4994


Hazrat Buraydah ibn al-Hasib (r.a): I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say:
In eloquence there is magic, in knowledge ignorance, in poetry wisdom, and in speech heaviness. Sa'sa'ah ibn Suhan said: The Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) spoke the truth. His statement "In eloquence there is magic" means: (For example), there is a right due from a man who is more eloquent in reasoning than the man who is demanding his right. He (the defendant) charms the people by his speech and takes away his right. His statement "In knowledge there is ignorance" means: A scholar brings to his knowledge what he does not know, and thus he becomes ignorant of that. His statement "In poetry there is wisdom" means: These are the sermons and examples by which people receive admonition. His statement "In speech there is heaviness" means: That you present your speech and your talk to a man who is not capable of understanding it, and who does not want it.


Sahih Muslim Hadith 5602

Hazrat Ash-Sharid (r.a): One day when I rode behind Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him), he said (to me): Do you remember any poetry of Umayyah ibn AbusSalt. I said: Yes. He said: Then go on. I recited a couplet and he said: Go on. Then I again recited a couplet and he said: Go on, I recited one hundred couplets (of his poetry). This hadith has been reported on the authority of Sharid through another chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.

Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 4 Hadith 731

Hazrat Aisha (r.a): Once Hassan bin Thabit asked the permission of the Prophet to lampoon (i.e. compose satirical poetry defaming) the infidels. The Prophet said, "What about the fact that I have common descent with them?" Hassan replied, "I shall take you out of them as a hair is taken out of dough."
Narrated 'Urwa: I started abusing Hassan in front of 'Aisha, whereupon she said,"Don't abuse him, for he used to defend the Prophet (with his poetry).
"

Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 5 Hadith 467

Hazrat Masruq (r.a): We went to 'Aisha while Hassan bin Thabit was with her reciting poetry to her from some of his poetic Verses, saying "A chaste wise lady about whom nobody can have suspicion. She gets up with an empty stomach because she never eats the flesh of indiscreet (ladies)." 'Aisha said to him, "But you are not like that." I said to her, "Why do you grant him admittance, though Allah said:-- 'and as for him among them, who had the greater share therein, his will be a severe torment.' " (24.11) On that, 'Aisha said, "And what punishment is more than blinding?" She, added, "Hassan used to defend or say poetry on behalf of Allah's Apostle (against the infidels)."Al-


Tirmidhi Hadith 4795

Hazrat Ka'b ibn Malik (r.a): Ka'b said to the Prophet (peace be upon him), "Allah has sent down concerning poetry what He has sent down." The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied, "The believer strives with his sword and his tongue. By Him in Whose hand my soul is, it is as though you are shooting at them with it like the spraying of arrows."It is transmitted in Sharh as-Sunnah. In al-Isti'ab by Ibn AbdulBarr Ka'b said, "Messenger of Allah, what is your opinion about poetry?" and he replied, "The believer strives with his sword and his tongue."


Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 4807

Hazrat Aisha (r.a): When the subject of poetry was mentioned to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) he said, "It is speech, and what is good in it is good and what is bad
is bad."


Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4993

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (r.a): A desert Arab came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and began to speak. Thereupon the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said: In eloquence there is magic and in poetry there is wisdom.

Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 8 Hadith 166

Hazrat Ubai bin Kab (r.a): Allah's Apostle said, "Some poetry contains wisdom."

Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 6 Hadith 280

Hazrat Masruq (r.a): Hassan came to 'Aisha and said the following poetic Verse: "A chaste pious woman who arouses no suspicion. She never talks against chaste heedless women behind their backs." 'Aisha said, "But you are not." I said (to 'Aisha), "Why do you allow such a person to enter upon you after Allah has revealed:"...and as for him among them who had the greater share therein'?" (24.11)
She said, "What punishment is worse than blindness?" She added, "And he used to defend Allah's Apostle against the pagans (in his poetry)."


Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 4 Hadith 434
Muslim Hadith 6071
Abu Dawood Hadith 4995



حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، حَدَّثَنَا الزُّهْرِيُّ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، قَالَ مَرَّ عُمَرُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ وَحَسَّانُ يُنْشِدُ، فَقَالَ كُنْتُ أُنْشِدُ فِيهِ، وَفِيهِ مَنْ هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِنْكَ، ثُمَّ الْتَفَتَ إِلَى أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، فَقَالَ أَنْشُدُكَ بِاللَّهِ، أَسَمِعْتَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ " أَجِبْ عَنِّي، اللَّهُمَّ أَيِّدْهُ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ ". قَالَ نَعَمْ.


Hazrat Said bin Al Musaiyab (r.a): 'Umar came to the Mosque while Hassan was reciting a poem. ('Umar disapproved of that). On that Hassan said, "I used to recite poetry in this very mosque in the presence of one (i.e. the Prophet ) who was better than you." Then he turned towards Abu Huraira and said (to him), "I ask you by Allah, did you hear Allah's Apostle saying (to me), "Retort on my behalf. O Allah! Support him (i.e. Hassan) with the Holy Spirit?" Abu Huraira said, "Yes."


Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1 Hadith 420
Muslim Hadith 1068


Hazrat Anas bin Malik (r.a): When the Prophet arrived Medina he dismounted at 'Awalii-Medina amongst a tribe called Banu 'Amr bin 'Auf. He stayed there for fourteen nights. Then he sent for Bani An-Najjar and they came armed with their swords. As if I am looking (just now) as the Prophet was sitting over his Rahila (Mount) with Abu Bakr riding behind him and all Banu An-Najjar around him till he dismounted at the courtyard of Abu Aiyub's house. The Prophet loved to pray wherever the time for the prayer was due even at sheep folds. Later on he ordered that a mosque should be built and sent for some people of Banu-An-Najjar and said, "O Banu An-Najjar! Suggest to me the price of
this (walled) piece of land of yours." They replied, "No! By Allah! We do not demand its price except from Allah." Anas added: There were graves of pagans in it and some of it was unleveled and there were some date-palm trees in it. The Prophet ordered that the graves of the pagans be dug out and the unleveled land be levelled and the date-palm trees be cut down . (So all that was done). They aligned these cut date-palm trees towards the Qibla of the mosque (as a wall) and they also built two stone side-walls (of the mosque). His companions brought the stones while reciting some poetic verses. The Prophet was with them and he kept on saying, "There is no goodness except that of the Hereafter, O Allah! So please forgive the Ansars and the emigrants. "

Sahih Muslim Hadith 6081

Hazrat Aisha (r.a): Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: Satirize the (nonbelieving amongst the) Quraysh, for (satire) is more grievous to them than the hurt of an arrow. So he (the Holy Prophet) sent (someone) to Ibn Rawahah and asked him to satirise them. He composed a satire, but it did not appeal to him (to the Holy Prophet). He then sent (someone) to Ka'b ibn Malik (to do the same, but what he composed did not appeal to the Holy Prophet). He then sent one to Hassan ibn Thabit. As he entered his presence, Hassan said: Now you have called for this lion who strikes (the enemies) with his tail. He then brought out his tongue and began to move it and said: By Him Who has sent you with Truth, I shall tear them with my tongue as the leather is torn. Thereupon Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: Don't be hasty; (let) AbuBakr who has the best knowledge of the lineage of the Quraysh draw a distinction for you in regard to my lineage, as my lineage is the same as theirs. Hassan then came to him (AbuBakr) and
after making inquiries (in regard to the lineage of the Holy Prophet) came back to him (the Holy Prophet) and said: Allah's Messenger, he (AbuBakr) has drawn a distinction your lineage (and that of the Quraysh). By Him Who has sent you with Truth, I shall draw out from them (your name) as hair is drawn out from the flour. Aisha said: I heard Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) saying to Hassan: Verily Ruh al-Qudus will
continue to help you so long as you put up a defence on behalf of Allah and his
Messenger. And she said: I heard Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) saying: Hassan
satirized them and gave satisfaction to the (Muslims) and disquieted (the non-Muslims).

You satirized Muhammad, but I replied on his behalf, and there is a reward from Allah for this. You satirized Muhammad, the virtuous, the righteous, the Apostle of Allah, whose nature is truthfulness. So verily my father, his father and my honour are a protection to the honour of Muhammad. May I lose my dear daughter if you don't see her wiping away the dust from both sides of Kada. They pull at the reins, going upward. On
their shoulders are spears thirsting (for the blood of the enemy). Our steeds are sweating--
our women wipe them with their mantles. If you had not interfered with us, we should have performed the Umrah. And (then) there was the Victory, and the darkness cleared away. Otherwise wait for the fighting on the day on which Allah will honour whom He pleases. Allah said: I have sent a servant who says the Truth in which there is no
ambiguity. Allah said: I have prepared an army--they are the Ansar whose object is fighting (the enemy). There arrives every day from Ma'add abuse, fighting or satire. Whoever among you satirizes the Apostle, or praises him and helps him it is all the same; and 
Gabriel, the Apostle of Allah is among us, and the Holy Spirit who has no match.

Tirmihdi Hadith 709
Hazrat Jabir bin Samura (r.a): “More than hundred times I attended assemblies of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) where the companions were reciting poetic verses and were speaking of things as it were in the time of Jahiliya. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w) was listening silently and sometimes he was smiling.”

Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 4 Hadith 435
Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 8 Hadith 174


Hazrat Al Bara (r.a): The Prophet said to Hassan, "Lampoon them (i.e. the pagans) and Gabriel is with you."


Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 8 Hadith 171


Hazrat Aisha (r.a): Hassan bin Thabit asked the permission of Allah's Apostle to lampoon the pagans (in verse). Allah's Apostle said, "What about my fore-fathers (ancestry)?' Hassan said (to the Prophet) "I will take you out of them as a hair is taken out of dough." Narrated Hisham bin 'Urwa that his father said, "I called Hassan with bad names in front of 'Aisha." She said, "Don't call him with bad names because he used to defend Allah's
Apostle (against the pagans)."


Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4997

Tirmidhi Hadith 705
Mishkat Kitabal Adab Chapter on Poetry

Hazrat Aisha (r.a): The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) used to setup a pulpit in the mosque for Hassan who would stand on it and satirise those who spoke against the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him). The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) would say: The spirit of holiness (i.e. Gabriel) is with Hassan so long as he speaks in defence of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him).




Here is a list of Sahaba whose Naat Khawani is known:

1.Hazrat Abbas Bin Abdul Mutalab (رضی اللہ عنھ)
2. Hazrat Hamza (رضی اللہ عنھ)
3. Hazrat Abu Talib (رضی اللہ عنھ)
4. Hazrat Abu Bakar (رضی اللہ عنھ)
5. Hazrat Umar (رضی اللہ عنھ)
6. Hazrat Usman (رضی اللہ عنھ)
7. Hazrat Ali (رضی اللہ عنھ)
8. Hazrat Fatima (رضی اللہ عنھا)
9. Hazrat Safiya (رضی اللہ عنھا)
10. Hazrat Abu Sufyan Bin Haris (رضی اللہ عنھ)
11. Hazrat Abdullah Bin Rawaha (رضی اللہ عنھ)
12. Hazrat Kaab Bin Malik (رضی اللہ عنھ)
13. Hazrat Hassan Bin Saabit (رضی اللہ عنھ)
14. Hazrat Zuhair Al-Jashmi (رضی اللہ عنھ)
15. Hazrat Umar Bin Malik (رضی اللہ عنھ)
16. Hazrat Abbas Bin Marwas (رضی اللہ عنھ)
17. Hazrat Kuwa Bin Hubaira (رضی اللہ عنھ)
18. Hazrat Abu Uza (رضی اللہ عنھ)
19. Hazrat Abdullah (رضی اللہ عنھ)
20. Hazrat Bakr Bin Wail (رضی اللہ عنھ)
21. Hazrat Malik Bin Mamt (رضی اللہ عنھ)
22. Hazrat Umas Bin Zumaim (رضی اللہ عنھ)
23. Hazrat Usaid Bin Salama (رضی اللہ عنھ)
24. Hazrat Malik Bin Saad (رضی اللہ عنھ)
25. Hazrat Qais Bin Bahd (رضی اللہ عنھ)
26. Hazrat Umr Bin Subaih (رضی اللہ عنھ)
27. Hazrat Kalab Bin Usaid (رضی اللہ عنھ)
28. Hazrat Nabgha Jadi (رضی اللہ عنھ)
29. Hazrat Nazm Bin Ghduma (رضی اللہ عنھ)
30. Hazrat Al-Aamshi (رضی اللہ عنھ)
31. Hazrat Fuzala (رضی اللہ عنھ)
32. Hazrat Amr Bin Aqwa (رضی اللہ عنھ)
33. Hazrat Amr Bin Salam (رضی اللہ عنھ)
34. Hazrat Abbas Al-Sulmi (رضی اللہ عنھ)
35. Hazrat Kaab Bin Zuhair (


The Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) Liked Naat Khawani

There are many instances recorded in the books of Hadith and History which show that the act of Naat Khawani was much liked by the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم)


Accroding to Hazrat Aaisha (RA), the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) used to offer منبر to Hassan Bin Saabat (رضی اللہ عنھ)
[B]Tirmizi / Ahmad Bin Hanbal / Hakim).
He also used to pray that جبریل (علیھ السلام) should help him and that جبریل (علیھ السلام) verifies whatever Hassan (ra)is saying[B](sahih Muslim).

He (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) gave many rewards (physical or in the form of prayers) to NOne of such example is given here: Hazrat Kaab Bin Zuhair (رضی اللہ عنھ) recited 200-verses long Naat and on listening the verse “Verily the prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) is noor, and noor is extracted from him, and he is among the sharp swords of Allah to defend Din.”, the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) became so happy that he threw his blanket (کملی) towards Hazrat Kaab Bin Zuhair (رضی اللہ عنھ) as a prize
 (Tabrani / Bahaqi / Ibn-e-Hasham / Majma-u-Zawaid / Hakim Mustadrak)
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