Sunday, 2 August 2015

Authenticity of the Hadith of Aqiqah related to Mawlid


عن أنس رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عق عن نفسه بعد النبوة

Imam al Bayhaqi narrates Anas (radhiyallahu 'anh) reports that "The Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam slaughtered 'aqeeqah (sacrifice for newborns) for himself after he received the prophecy" 
(Sunan al Kubra 300/9)


(حديث مرفوع) أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ نَصْرٍ ، بِأَصْبَهَانَ ، أَنَّ الْحَسَنَ بْنَ أَحْمَدَ الْحَدَّادَ أَخْبَرَهُمْ ، وَهُوَ حَاضِرٌ ، أنبا أَبُو نُعَيْمٍ ، أنبا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ الطَّبَرَانِيُّ ، ثنا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَسْعُودٍ ، هُوَ الْمَقْدِسِيُّ ، قثنا الْهَيْثَمُ بْنُ جَمِيلٍ ، قثنا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى ، عَنْ ثُمَامَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَنَسٍ ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَقَّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ بَعْدَمَا بُعِثَ نَبِيًّا 

Anas reported that "the Prophet performed 'aqiqah of himself after the prophethood.

Grade: Sahih

Reference: 

رقم الحديث: 1667<الكتب » الأحاديث المختارة » آخَرُ


Hadith #2



رقم الحديث: 1668
(حديث مرفوع) وَأَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو الْهَيْصَمِ شَذْرَةُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلاءِ الْمَدِينِيُّ الْخَيَّاطُ ، بِمَدِينَةِ أَصْبَهَانَ ، أَنَّ أَبَا الْخَيْرِ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْبَاغْبَانَ أَخْبَرَهُمْ ، قِرَاءَةً عَلَيْهِ ، أنبا أَبُو عَمْرٍو عَبْدُ الْوَهَّابِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ مَنْدَهْ ، أنبا أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ يُوسُفَ بْنِ يُوهْ ، قِرَاءَةً عَلَيْهِ ، قثنا أَبُو عَمْرٍو أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ الْمَدِينِيُّ ، إِمْلاءً ، ثنا أَبُو حَاتِمٍ ، هُوَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ الرَّازِيُّ ، ثنا عَمْرُو بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النَّاقِدُ ، ثنا الْهَيْثَمُ بْنُ جَمِيلٍ ، نا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى بْنِ أَنَسٍ الأَنْصَارِيُّ ، حَدَّثَنِي ثُمَامَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَقَّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ بَعْدَمَا جَاءَتْهُ النُّبُوَّةُ .

Anas reported that "the Prophet performed 'aqiqah of himself after the prophethood.

Grade: Daif,
Because أَبُو الْهَيْصَمِ شَذْرَةُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلاءِ الْمَدِينِيُّ الْخَيَّاطُ is unknown

Ref:

(الكتب » الأحاديث المختارة » آخَرُ) 

Hadith #3



رقم الحديث: 17735
(حديث مرفوع) أخبرنا أبو الحسن محمد بن الحسين بن داود العلوي رحمه الله ، أنبا حاجب بن أحمد بن سفيان الطوسي ، ثنا محمد بن حماد الأبيوردي ، ثنا عبد الرزاق ، أنبا عبد الله بن محرر ، عن قتادة ، عن أنس رضي الله عنه ، " أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عق عن نفسه بعد النبوة " ، قال عبد الرزاق : إنما تركوا عبد الله بن محرر لحال هذا الحديث ، قال الفقيه رحمه الله : وقد روي من وجه آخر ، عن قتادة ، ومن وجه آخر ، عن أنس ، وليس بشيء 

Anas reported that "the Prophet performed 'aqiqah of himself after the prophethood.

Grade: Sahih

Ref:
(الكتب » السنن الكبرى للبيهقي)

Hadith #4



رقم الحديث: 2765
(حديث مرفوع) حدثنا سهيل بن إبراهيم الجارودي أبو الخطاب ، نا عوف بن محمد المراري ، نا عبد الله بن المحرر ، عن قتادة ، عن أنس : أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عق عن نفسه بعد ما بعث نبيا . وحديثا عبد الله بن محرر لا نعلم رواهما أحد عن قتادة ، عن أنس غيره ، وهو ضعيف الحديث جدا ، وإنما يكتب من حديثه ما ليس عند غيره

Anas reported that "the Prophet performed 'aqiqah of himself after the prophethood.

Grade: Daif
Because عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُحَرَّرِ is rejected in Hadith

Ref:
(الكتب » البحر الزخار بمسند البزار 10-13)


Hadith 5



رقم الحديث: 1376
(حديث مرفوع) نَا ابْنُ إِسْحَاقَ , نَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ ، نَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُحَرَّرٍ , عَنْ قَتَادَةَ ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ " عَقَّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ بَعْدَمَا بَعَثَهُ اللَّهُ نَبِيًّا " 

Anas reported that "the Prophet performed 'aqiqah of himself after the prophethood.

Grade: Daif

Because عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُحَرَّرِ is rejected in Hadith

Ref:

(الكتب » مسند الروياني » مُسْنَدُ الرُّويَانِيُّ » مُسْنَدُ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ)

Hadith 6



رقم الحديث: 1157
(حديث مرفوع) حَدَّثَنَا سُهَيْلُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْجَارُودِيُّ أَبُو الْخَطَّابِ ، ثنا عَوْفُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمُرَادِيُّ ، ثنا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُحَرَّرِ ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ ، عَنْ أنَسٍ ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَقَّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ بَعْدَ مَا بُعِثَ نَبِيًّا . 

Anas reported that "the Prophet performed 'aqiqah of himself after the prophethood.

Grade: Daif

Because عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُحَرَّرِ is rejected in Hadith

Ref:

(الكتب » كشف الأستار » كِتَابُ الأَضَاحِي » أَبْوَابُ الصَّيْدِ)


Hadith 7




رقم الحديث: 7746
(حديث مرفوع) عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُحَرَّرٍ ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ ، قَالَ : عَقَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ بَعْدَ مَا بُعِثَ بِالنُّبُوَّةِ " .

Grade: Daif

Because عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُحَرَّرِ is rejected in Hadith
Ref:

(الكتب » مصنف عبد الرزاق » كِتَابُ الْعَقِيقَةِ » بَابُ الْعَقِيقَةِ)


Hadith 8



رقم الحديث: 64
(حديث مرفوع) حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرٌو النَّاقِدُ ، حَدَّثَنَا الْهَيْثَمُ بْنُ جَمِيلٍ ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى بْنِ أَنَسٍ ، حَدَّثَنِي ثُمَامَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَنَسٍ ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ " عَقَّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ بَعْدَمَا جَاءَتْهُ النُّبُوَّةُ " ، قَالَ : وَرُبَّمَا ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنِيهِ رَجُلٌ مِنْ آلِ أَنَسٍ ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ .

Anas reported that "the Prophet performed 'aqiqah of himself after the prophethood.


GradE: Sahih 

Ref:

(الكتب » العيال)


Hadith 8



رقم الحديث: 888
(حديث مرفوع) مَا حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ الْبَالِسِيُّ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا الْهَيْثَمُ بْنُ جَمِيلٍ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى بْنِ أَنَسٍ ، عَنْ ثُمَامَةَ بْنِ أَنَسٍ ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ " أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَقَّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ بَعْدَمَا جَاءَتْهُ النُّبُوَّةُ " . وَمَا حَدَّثَنَا الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا الْهَيْثَمُ بْنُ جَمِيلٍ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى بْنِ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنِي رَجُلٌ ، مِنْ آلِ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ , عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ ، ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ مِثْلَهُ .

Anas reported that "the Prophet performed 'aqiqah of himself after the prophethood.

Grade: Sahih 

Ref:

(الكتب » مشكل الآثار للطحاوي)


Hadith 9


رقم الحديث: 3
(حديث مرفوع) حَدَّثَنَا الْقَاسِمُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ الْمَحَامِلِيُّ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا الْفَضْلُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو قَتَادَةَ الْحَرَّانِيُّ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ الْجُرَشِيُّ ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ " عَقَّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ بَعْدَمَا أُنْزِلَتِ الْنُبُوَّةُ " . وَهَذَا حَدِيثٌ غَرِيبٌ ، وَلا أَعْرِفُ لِعَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْجُرَشِيِّ غَيْرَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ ، وَقَالَ الْقَاسِمُ ، عَنِ الْفَضْلِ ، قَالَ : قَالَ أَبُو قَتَادَةَ : هَذَا أَفَادَنَاهُ شُعْبَةُ ، عَنْ هَذَا الشَّيْخِ ، وَقَالَ : لَيْسَ يَرْوِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ أَحَدٌ غَيْرُهُ .

Anas reported that "the Prophet performed 'aqiqah of himself after the prophethood.

GradE: Daif

Because أَبُو قَتَادَةَ الْحَرَّانِيُّ is weak

Ref:

(الكتب » الخامس من الأفراد لابن شاهين)


Hadith 10


رقم الحديث: 1013
(حديث مرفوع) حَدَّثَنا أَحْمَدُ ، قَالَ : نا الْهَيْثَمُ ، قَالَ : نا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ ، عَنْ ثُمَامَةَ ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ ، أَنّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ " عَقَّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ بَعْدَ مَا بُعِثَ نَبِيًّا 
"

Anas reported that "the Prophet performed 'aqiqah of himself after the prophethood.

Grade :Sahih 

Ref:

(الكتب » المعجم الأوسط للطبراني » بَابُ الْأَلِفِ » مَنِ اسْمُهُ أَحْمَدُ)




Imam ibn Hajar al Asqalani (rahimahullah) derives from this above Hadeeth:


I have derived the permissibility of Mawlid from another source of the Sunnah, namely, the Hadeeth found in Bayhaqi, narrated by Anas, that "The Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) slaughtered 'aqeeqah (sacrifice for newborns) for himself after he received the prophecy," although it has been mentioned that his grandfather ''Abd al-Muttalib did that on the seventh day after he was born, and the 'aqeeqah cannot be repeated. Thus the reason for the Prophet's action is to give thanks to Allah for sending him as a mercy to the worlds, and to give honour to his Ummah, in the same way that he used to pray on himself. It is recommended for us, therefore, that we also show thanks for his birth by meeting with our brothers, by feeding people, and other such good works and rejoicing." This hadith confirms the aforementioned hadith of the Prophet's emphasis of Monday as the day of his birthday and that of his prophethood.


[Husn al-Maqsad fi Amal al-Mawlid Page No. 64-65] 


Anas reported that "the Prophet performed 'aqiqah of himself after the prophethood." (عق النبي عن نفسه بعد النبوة)

Hafiz Ali ibn Abi Bakr al-Haythami (d. 807 H) said in Majma' al-Zawa'id (vol. 4 p. 94, Kitab al-Sayd wa l-Dhaba’i Bab Zaman al-‘Aqiqah wa Qada’iha) under this hadtih: "Narrated by al-Bazzar and al-Tabrani in al-Awsat. The narrators of al-Tabrani are the narrators of the Sahih besides al-Haytham ibn Jamil who is trustworthy."

In essence, Mawlid is choosing a day to celebrate and express joy at the birth of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), and on mark of this celebration, distribute food and sing poetry.

Imam al-Suyuti writes in his Husn al-Maqsid fi Amal al-Mawlid - which is a fatwa in favour of the Mawlid contained in his al-Hawi li l-Fatawa (vol 1 p. 189):

"The legal status of the observance of the mawlid – as long as it just consists of a meeting together by the people, a recitation of apposite parts of the Qur’an, the recounting of transmitted accounts of the beginning of the Prophet - may God bless him and grant him peace – and the wonders that took place during his birth, all of which is then followed by a banquet that is served to them and from which they eat, whereupon they take their leave without doing anything else – is a good innovation, for which one is rewarded because of the esteem shown to the position of the Prophet – may God bless him and grant him peace -, that is implicit in it, and because of the expression of joy and happiness on his – may God bless him and grant him peace - noble birth." (translation from Nico Kaptein, Muhammad's Birthday Festival, p. 49)

In proving this basic principle, that is, celebrating and expressing joy at the birth of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) on a chosen day by reading poetry and distributing food, Imam al-Suyuti offers the following proof: Anas reported that "the Prophet performed 'aqiqah of himself after the prophethood." (عق النبي عن نفسه بعد النبوة)

This hadith is narrated through two chains, one weak and one sound:

The first is narrated by al-Bayhaqi, al-Bazzar, ‘Abd al-Razzaq and Ibn al-Madini through ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Muharrar from Qatadah from Anas. ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Muharrar is weak by consensus.

The second is narrated by al-Tahawi in Sharh Mushkil al-Athar (vol. 3 p. 78) through his shyakh al-Hasan ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Mansur al-Balisi from al-Haytham ibn Jamil from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Muthanna from Thumamah ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Anas ibn Malik from Anas ibn Malik. Al-Tabrani narrated it in al-Mu‘jam al-Awsat through his shaykh Ahmad ibn Mas‘ud al-Khayyat al-Maqdisi via the same chain as al-Tahawi from al-Haytham ibn Jamil. Abu Dawud also narrated it with this chain from Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his transmission of Masa’il al-Imam Ahmad. Ibn Hazm also narrated it in al-Muhalla with the same chain. (see Shu'ayb al-Arna'ut's footnote to this hadith in Sharh Mushkil al-Athar)

The key part of this chain is, therefore, as follows: al-Haytham ibn Jamil – ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Muthanna – Thumamah – Anas. Al-Haytham ibn Jamil is trustworthy (thiqah) as mentioned in Taqrib al-Tahdhib; Ibn Hibban, al-Daraqutni, Ibn Sa‘d and Ahmad all said he is trustworthy (see al-Arna'ut's footnote to this hadith in Sharh Mushkil al-Athar). ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Muthanna is differed upon. Ibn al-Muthanna was declared thiqah by al-‘Ijli and al-Tirmidhi, although others like al-Nasa'i considered him weak. However, al-Bukhari used him as proof in his Sahih (which means he did not narrate any follow-up hadiths to support his narrations) when Ibn al-Muthanna narrated through his uncle Thumamah who narrated from Anas, showing his narrations through Thumamah are sahih as concluded by Bashshar Awwad Ma'ruf and Shu'ayb al-Arna'ut in their Tahrir al-Taqrib (vol. 2 p. 261). This chain is therefore sahih or hasan. Shu‘ayb al-Arna’ut, however, graded it weak in Sharh Mushkil al-Athar apparently because of ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Muthanna but this would imply al-Bukhari’s narrations through him in his Sahih are weak opposing the near-consensus that all of al-Bukhari's muttasil hadiths in his Sahih are sahih, so al-Arna’ut’s final grading is incorrect.

Hence this hadith, that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasalla) did his own 'aqiqah after prophethood, is sahih or hasan. Hafiz Ali ibn Abi Bakr al-Haythami (d. 807 H) said in Majma' al-Zawa'id (vol. 4 p. 94, Kitab al-Sayd wa l-Dhaba’i Bab Zaman al-‘Aqiqah wa Qada’iha) under this hadtih: "Narrated by al-Bazzar and al-Tabrani in al-Awsat. The narrators of al-Tabrani are the narrators of the Sahih besides al-Haytham ibn Jamil who is trustworthy."
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