Tuesday, 17 November 2015

Clarification of Ruqya Shar’eeya & Ruqya Shirkiya, the reality of Magic, Evil Eye and its Cure

Clarification of Ruqya Shar’eeya & Ruqya Shirkiya, the reality of Magic, Evil Eye and its Cure


1.0 Ruqyah
      1.1 Types of Ruqyah and explanation:
             - Ruqyah Ash Shar'eeya
             - Ruqyah Ash Shirkiyah
      1.2 Conditions for Ruqya Ash Shar’eeyah and people associated with it
             - Conditions of Ruqyah Ash Shar'eeyah
             - Conditions of a person who treats with Ruqyah:
             - Conditions for the person receiving Ruqyah:
2.0 Magic
      2.1 Definition & the Reality Magic
             - Effects of magic is fact & evident from Quran.
             - Performing magic if kufr and practitioners will be grave sinners and accountable for the act.
      2.2 The Punishment for Magicians:
      2.3 Treatment for Magic
             - Prevention before it occurs
             - Treatment
3.0 The Evil Eye:
      3.1 Types of Evil eye:
      3.2 Treatment for evil eye
            - Prevention before it occurs
            - Treatment


1.0 Ruqyah

Ruqyah is commonly translated in English as "incantation" which carries a negative meaning, since the word incantation is usually associated with magic, spells, and witchcraft. However, Ruqyah in Islam refers to seeking refuge of Allah through recitation of Qur'an, remembrance of Allah and supplications that are used as a means of treating sicknesses and other problems.

1.1 Types of Ruqyah and explanation:

Ruqyah are of two types:

1) Ruqyah Ash Shar'eeya
2) Ruqyah Ash Shirkiyah

Ar-Ruqyah Ash Shar'eeyah : mentioned above, it has three conditions. Ibn Hajar (rahimuhullah) said there is a consensus on the using of Ruqyah if three conditions are met:

1) It must be with the speech of Allah and his names and attributes.

2) It must be in the Arabic language, or what is known to be its meaning in other languages.

3) To believe that Ruqyah has no benefit by itself, but the benefits are from Allah.

It is found in ahadith that Prophet (peace be upon him) permitted sahaba ro perform Ruqya even from words of Prophet Suleiman (peace be upon him), Prophet Ibrahim and those ruqua of pre-islamic days, which were free from any elements of shirk. One such example is mentioned below.

Jabir reported Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) prohibited incantation. Then the people of Amr b. Hazm came to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) and said: We know an incantation which we use for curing the sting of the scorpion but you have prohibited it. They recited (the words of incantation) before him, whereupon he said: I do not see any harm (in it), so he who amongst you is competent to do good to his brother should do that.  (Sahi Muslim, Kitab-as-Salam (Book of Salutaions and Greetings-26), Hadith 5456)

These type of Ruqyah which is based on Quran and Sunnah and does not contain any elements of shikr and kufr is permissible.

Ar Ruqyah Ash Shirkiyah: This contradicts the conditions of Ruqyah Ash Shar'eeyah and has in it Shirk, associating partners with Allah. It leads a person to his destruction in this life and the next and increases calamities and sicknesses. This type of Ruqyah is prohibited, from the statement of the Prophet (saws) This type includes: Magic (whether learning, practicing, or teaching it), Fortune telling, Horoscopes, superstitious belief, and at-Tameemah ( charms, pendant, knots and amulets).

1.2 Conditions for Ruqya Ash Shar’eeyah and people associated with it

Conditions of Ruqyah Ash Shar'eeyah:

1) It must be with the Quran, speech of Allah, His names and attributes, or the speech of His Messenger (peace be upon him), Sunnah and supplications free from kufr/shirk.
2) Should not contain any cartoons/images but must be in Arabic or what is known to be its meaning in other languages.
3) To believe that verily Ruqyah has no benefit by itself, but the ultimate cure is from Allah Alone.
4) Not to perform Ruqyah in a state of major impurity (junub) or in a place that is not permissible to perform ibadah i.e. graveyard, bathroom, etc.

Conditions of a person who treats with Ruqyah:

1) He must have the correct faith and right belief in Allah.
2) He must have sincerity in worshipping Allah and have a good intention in treating people
3) He must be firm in his obedience to Allah, and keep away from all that is forbidden
4) He must keep far away from all unlawful places and situations that can lead to what is forbidden, for example isolating himself with a female, etc.
5) He must guard the affairs of his patients and protect their secrets.
6) He must propagate the religion of Allah. Give the Patient advice and admonitions on the rights of Allah with regards to His commandments and prohibitions.
7) He should have knowledge about the affairs of the patient and sicknesses
8) He should have knowledge about the reality of Jinns (so as not to have them harm or threaten him while curing the patient)

Conditions for the person receiving Ruqyah:

He must have complete faith in Allah and belief that the ultimate harm and benefit is only from Allah.
People should avoid going to those professional Amils and Baba who does not follow the above but make mix use of permissible and impermissible ruqya, spells and magic in the name of Quran to earn living and fame leading to destruction of Iman of the both parties and people supporting them.

2.0 Magic

2.1 Definition & the Reality Magic
Magic spell or charm that has effects on the heart and body, It causes the heart or body to become sick, it can even kill a person, Magic and its existence is confirmed by the Qur'an and Sunnah and is agreed upon by the scholars. It is a reality and a truth, and it affects a person only by Allah's will. 

Magic is an art that requires skill and proficiency from the one who performs it. It is a type of knowledge that has a foundation, methodology and principles. However, learning it is not permissible and it is kufr (disbelief) because it cannot be learned or practiced without requesting the help of Shaytan, worshipping him, and using forbidden and unlawful things. It may be carried out by certain practices done by the magicians and blowing air in knots in certain ways. Allah (Exalted be He) says: 

“And from the evil of those who practice witchcraft when they blow in the knots,” (Surah Al-Falaq, 4).

There are other ways to make sorcery, which magicians learn from devils. Sorcerers may make things that disturb one’s mind, cause illness to him/her or lead to separation between a man and his wife by disfiguring the appearance of a wife in the sight of her husband and vice versa or other things that make husband hates his wife, destroys family ties, can develop hatred in each other’s heart, develop feeling of suicide, can destroy wealth, fame or business or any possible cases of one’s destruction.. However, sorcery is an explicit disbelief according to the Ayahs (Qur’anic Verses) of the Qur’an. Allah (Exalted and Glorified be He) says: 

“They followed what the Shayaateen (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Suleiman (Solomon). Suleiman did not disbelieve, but the Shayateen (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic “(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:102).

Allah (Exalted be He) stated that devils are disbelievers owing teaching people magic and says after that: “…and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Haaroot and Maaroot, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, ‘We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).’ “ (Surah Al-Baqarah, 102). Then He (Glorified be He) says: “And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah’s Leave.” (Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:102).

Imam Ibn Hajar (rahimuhullah) said: “Magic is disbelief and learning it is kufr." Fath ul Bari 10/195

Imam An-Nawawi (rahimuhullah) said: “The knowledge of magic is forbidden and it is among the major sins."

The Prophet (peace be upon him) included it among the major sins that destroy mankind and needs to be kept away from. Ibn Qudaamah said: “teaching and learning magic is forbidden and there is no difference on the issue by the scholars." Al-Mughnee 8/151

2.2 The Punishment for Magicians: 

The punishment for magicians is beheading. The Prophet (saws) said:
  “The punishment for a magician is beheading." Umar (RA) ordered all magicians to be killed in his time. This proves the severity of magic. So it is compulsory on us to keep away from magic and anything that is connected to it.

2.3 Treatment For Magic:

1) Prevention from magic before it occurs:

- Be mindful and perform all compulsory acts, and leave off all that is unlawful, and seek repentance form all evil deeds.
- Constantly recite, contemplate, and act on the glorious Qur'an in which it becomes a daily routine.
- Seek protection with supplications, seeking refuge and remembrances that are legislated by Allah and his messenger.
- Make it routine to eat 7 Ajwa dates in morning, besides many benefits Ajwa date is also useful in prevention of Magic,

It is narrated in Sahi Muslim & Sahi Bukhari that, “Amir b. Sa'd b. Abu Waqqas reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who ate seven 'ajwa' dates in the morning, poison and magic will not harm him on that day.  (Sahi Muslim, Book of Drinks-23 (Kitab Al-Ashriba), Hadith 5081 & Sahi Bukhari, book of food & meals-65, hadith 356, Ibid- book of medicine-71, hadith 663, 664 & 671)

2) Treatment of Magic after it has occurred.

Extract and destroy the magic- If the Magic is known, extracting and destroying it with permissible method or Ruqya-e-Shara’ee is the best and most suitable way of curing it. But do not go to professional Amil/magicians but seek assistance of those god fearing men who have knowledge and Ijazah of performing ruqya in accordance with Quran and Sunnah and comply with conditions mentioned in forthcoming section.

3.0 The Evil Eye:

Prophet says the evil eye is reality and ruqyah a preferred treatment.

Ibn 'Abbas reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The influence of an evil eye is a fact; if anything would precede the destiny it would be the influence of an evil eye, and when you are asked to take bath (as a cure) from the influence of an evil eye, you should take bath.  (Sahi Muslim, Kitab-as-Salam (Book of Salutaions and Greetings-26), Hadith 5456)

It is permissible in Islam to seek Ruqyah for it as, anas reported that Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) granted him sanction to use incantation (as a cure) for the, influence of an evil eye, the sting of the scorpion and small pustules.  (Ibid, hadith 5449) and similarly there are ample narrations in Bukhari and Muslim permitting Ruqya for fever and evil eye.

Narrated IsraiI: Uthman bin 'Abdullah bin Mauhab said, "My people sent me with a bowl of water to Umme salama." Isra'il approximated three fingers ('indicating the small size of the container in which there was some hair of the Prophet. 'Uthman added, "If any person suffered from evil eye or some other disease, he would send a vessel (containing water) to Um salama. I looked into the container (that held the hair of the Prophet) and saw a few red hairs in it," [Sahi Bukhari, Book of Libas(dress) 72, Hadith 784]

Apart from reality of evil eye the above hadith also confirms the following:
1.     Permissibility of Ruqya sharaee
2.     Permissibility of gaining blessings through relics of Prophet (peace be upon him)
3.     Permissibility of distributing and drinking water during ziyara on Milad un Nabi as practiced around the globe by Majority of Muslims.
4.     Getting cure for evil eye/disease by drinking with washed water of sacred hair of prophet (peace be upon him).
5.     Drinking washed water either from Quran or sacred hair of prophet (peace be upon him) is not shirk or biddah.

3.1 Types of Evil eye:

The evil eye is from two sources:

1) the evil eye from mankind
2) the evil eye from Jinn

The evil eye from mankind is confirmed in many narrations, as Abu Sated (radiallahu anh) said the Prophet (saws) said to seek refuge from jinn's and the evil eye from mankind. (At-tirmidhi, 2058)

As for evil eye from jinn's, it has been narrated ny Umm Salmah (radiallahu anhaa) that the Prophet (saws) saw in her house a slave girl and in her face was sa faa'ah. upon which the Prophet (saws) aid: " Seek Ruqyah for her, for verily she is afflicted with a look (evil eye). " (Sahi Bukhari, Book of Medicine, Hadith Al-Bukhari, 635) The scholars have said "As-sa-faa'ah" is the evil eye from Jinn's.
The evil eye is like an arrow or spear that leaves the soul of the envier and goes to the person that is envied. It afflicts the person envied at times and sometimes it doesn't. When it doesn't afflict him, it is because of the protective methods he uses (whether supplications, seeking refuge, etc.) Also, when it doesn't. Afflict him, the evil eye can return to the envier. (The Medicine of the Prophet, 138)

What is an important fact to know is that the evil eye has no effect except by Allah's will. A man can give himself the evil eye and he can also give it to others. It can afflict someone without even being seen by the envier. For example, a blind man cannot see a person, but he can still cast the evil eye, or perhaps if the person is not around and they are described to the envier without being seen by him, it can afflict that person. It can also be afflicted by one being amazed at himself without being envious to himself or others. The evil eye can be done by anyone, even a loved one or a righteous person. 

So, it is incumbent on each and every one of us to take the necessary precautions and try to prevent being affected by the evil eye and to seek treatment by permissible means to distract its negative effect.

3.2 Prevention & Treatment from Evil Eye.

1) Prevention before it occurs:
Protect yourself and those whom you fear for from it with remembrances, supplications and seeking refuge that is in accordance with the Qur'an and Sunnah, as is mentioned for the treatment of magic.

2) Guard yourself to avoid attracting evil eye:
Guard anything or anyone that is attractive and may be a recipient of the evil eye. Meaning,
a)     When a person has a beautiful family he should guard them by seeking protection from Allah for them, teaching and commanding them to do so, and also by dressing them properly not to expose their bodies or beauty so as not to be envied and affected by the evil eye. The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to seek protection for Hassan and Hussein by saying:

" I seek refuge for both of you in the perfect words of Allah and from every Satan, vermin, and from every evil eye."

b)    If someone has wealth, he should guard it by asking Allah to bless and protect it and be thankful to Allah and do not exhibit it or make propaganda to get envied.

c)     If someone has good news and he knows people will envy him because of it, he should guard it by keeping it secret.

d)    If you know a person is famous for being envious and is known to affect people with the evil eye, it is important to keep away from him.

3) Treatment with Ruqya as Sharee:

Use permissible means of Ruqya, Taweez or methods of distracting evil eye from Quran and Sunnah and have complete sincerity and belief in the unity of Allah, The Wise, The Judge. He is harmed by nothing and nothing benefits him. Glory be to Him and He is above all things - (Ibn Qayyim 2/238-245)


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